The month is the eighth month of the Jewish year. Once upon a time its name was “Bul”. It began to be called Markheshvan (abbreviated as “Cheshvan”) only after the Babylonian exile. Kabbalists believe that each letter in the name “Buhl” symbolizes the Torah. Because the first letter “Beth” is the same letter with which Bereshit begins – the very first word in the Torah. The second letter is the letter “Vav”, which is in the book of “Vaykira” in the very center of the Torah, and the third letter “Lamed” is the last letter of the Torah, the word Israel ends with the letter “Lamed”. (Israel).
And in the word Marheshvan, “mar” is translated as “bitter”. There are many comments about why it is called that, and one of the reasons is related to the fact that it was in the month of Marcheshvan that the global flood began, which occurred in the time of Noah (Noah).
Also, this month there are no holidays or fasts. That is why it is called bitter.
On the other hand, the word “mar” occurs once in the Torah also with the meaning “drop”.
This is the month when the rains start. On 7 Marcheshvan in the Land of Israel, prayers for rain are begun, so that there will be a successful harvest and, accordingly, the life of people will also improve and be prosperous, since in those days a lot depended on harvest and rains.
In the Midrash “Yalkut Shimon” it is described that in fact, once upon a time there was one more month in which there were no joyful events – it was the month of Kislev. 2150 years ago, events took place in this place, which we celebrate as the “Haunnkal miracle”, so in the month of Kislev we now have Hanukkah. Therefore, the sages say that in the month of Marheshvan, in which there is still not a single date that we celebrate, an event must also occur in the future for the sake of which this month “remains free.” Some commentators believe that construction of the Third Jerusalem Temple will begin this month. May Gd let this happen in our time and that we see it with our own eyes!